The Algonquian is the primary language that the Shawnee individuals use to speak to each other. Before the coming of the colonialists, the Shawnee tribe had inhabited the Ohio Valley, and they spread to other parts as well. The Shawnee are not only originally from Ohio Valley alone but other places like Tennessee, Oklahoma, Texas, Kansas, Pennsylvania and South Carolina. Due to population pressure, the Shawnee tribe were forced to look for alternative territories to settle in. Competition for natural resources was not the only issue that was facing the Shawnee tribe but there were conflicts as well that led to their search for other new areas. The population of the tribe that was later witnessed after the colonization were not the ones that were previously available because they reduced. There was a war that broke out and it was between the settlers and the inhabitants and that situation contributed to the decrease in the number of the Shawnee tribe. A majority of the population passed on diseases like smallpox, fever and flu from the settlers and they succumbed to the various illnesses thus leading to their decrease.
Piqua Shawnee is one of the groupings that encompass the larger Shawnee tribe. The others are Hathawekela, Chillicothe, Kispoko, and Mequachake. The Piqua Shawnee was named after a mythical evil man who came back from death to lead a set to walk in accordance with the inordinate spirit. The man showed to the grouping in the form of a cloud rising from the coals of the fire. The Shawnee know how important their culture is and that is why they have valued it.
The fishing and hunting were mainly completed by the men who were also warriors. Farming of corn was left for the women to carry out. Apart from farming, cooking and taking care of families was done by women. Based on the season of harvest, there was a ceremony to commemorate that. Because migration to various places was a norm to the Shawnee tribe, they got to establish other new contacts with people they found in those areas. They in some instances traded with these tribes.
The territory that was inhabited after the civil war was Oklahoma. Because Piqua Shawnee is portion of the Shawnee tribe; it represents their heritage and culture. The Shawnee are scattered in various parts. The grouping has been formally recognized in some countries like Alabama and Kentucky. The Shawnee tribe is ruled by a tribal council that is composed of the principal chief, clan elders, clan women, and men. Things like pots, beads and wood carvings are perfectly done by the Shawnee people. The Shawnee tribe also designed wampum beads which were traded as currency and also culturally vital as an art material.